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9 Largest Eagles in the World: Biggest by Weight, Length, Wingspan

Eagles are large, powerful birds of prey. There are 68 species of eagles. In this post, you’ll learn about the largest eagles in the world. The biggest eagles are sorted by weight, length, and wingspan.

The largest eagle by weight is Steller’s sea-eagle at 14.75 pounds. The largest eagle by length is the Philippine eagle at 39.4 inches. And the eagle with the largest wingspan is the white-tailed sea-eagle at 86 inches.

largest eagle in the world
Steller’s Sea Eagle, the largest eagle in the world by weight

This list is based on median averages. Therefore, outliers among the species are not included. After the list, there will be a longer description of each of these impressive birds.

Largest Eagles by Weight

RankCommon NameScientific NameLocationWeight
1Steller’s Sea-EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusAsia14.75 pounds (6.7 kilograms)
2Philippine EaglePithecophaga jefferyiAsia (the Philippines)14 pounds (6.35 kilograms)
3Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaCentral and South America13 pounds (5.95 kilograms)
4White-Tailed Sea-EagleHaliaeetus albicillaEurope, and Asia10.5 pounds (4.8 kilograms)
5Martial EaglePolemaetus bellicosusAfrica10.25 pounds (4.6 kilograms)

Largest Eagles by Length

RankCommon NameScientific NameLocationTotal Length
1Philippine EaglePithecophaga jefferyi Asia (the Philippines) 39.4 inches (100 centimeters)
2Harpy EagleHarpia harpyja Central and South America38.8 inches (98.5 centimeters)
3Wedge-Tailed EagleAquila audaxOceania (Australia) 37.6 inches (95.5 centimeters)
4Steller’s Sea-EagleHaliaeetus pelagicus Asia37.4 inches (95 centimeters)
5Crowned EagleStephanoaetus coronatusAfrica34.4 inches (87.5 centimeters)

Largest Eagles by Wingspan

RankCommon NameScientific NameLocationWingspan
1White-Tailed Sea-EagleHaliaeetus albicilla Europe, and Asia86 inches (218.5 centimeters)
2Steller’s Sea-EagleHaliaeetus pelagicus Asia83.7 inches (212.5 centimeters)
3Wedge-Tailed EagleAquila audax Oceania (Australia) 82.7 inches (210 centimeters)
4Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosNorth America, Europe, Asia, and Africa 81.5 inches (207 centimeters)
5Martial EaglePolemaetus bellicosus Africa81.3 inches (206.5 centimeters)

8 Largest Eagles Now Living

Now that we know the names of the largest eagles, let’s learn a little more about each of them.

Here are the 8 largest eagles now living, listed in alphabetical order.

1. Crowned Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Stephanoaetus coronatus
  • Location: Africa
  • Habitat: Forest, Savanna, and Wetlands
  • Population Status: Near Threatened
  • Weight: 5.6-10.4 pounds (2.6-4.7 kilograms)
  • Length: 2.6-3.2 feet (80-99 centimeters)
  • Wingspan: 4.9-5.9 feet (150-180 centimeters)
african crowned eagle in flight

The crowned eagle, or African crowned eagle, lives in the dense forests of sub-Saharan Africa.

They feed on antelope, rock hyrax, and monkeys, often attacking prey that is much larger than themselves.

They have even been known to attack human children. It’s better to observe these ferocious raptors from a distance.

Both crowned eagles and golden eagles are some of the fastest birds in the world.

2. Golden Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Aguila chrysaetos
  • Location: North America, Europe, Asia, and Africa
  • Habitat: Forest, Shrubland, Grassland, Rocky Cliffs and Mountains, and Desert
  • Population Satatus: Least Concern
  • Weight: 6.6-13.4 pounds (3-6.1 kilograms)
  • Length: 2.3-2.8 feet (70-84 centimeters)
  • Wingspan: 6.1-7.2 feet (185-220 centimeters)
golden eagle in flight
Golden eagle in flight

Found throughout the Northern Hemisphere, the Golden Eagle is the largest bird of prey in North America. Not only are they large, but they are also quick, reaching speeds of up to 150 miles (241.4 kilometers) per hour.

Unlike the Crowned Eagle, the Golden Eagle tends to favor smaller prey. Hares, rabbits, squirrels, and groundhogs may all find themselves on the menu.

There are currently 6 recognized subspecies of the Golden Eagle:

  1. European Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos chrysaetos)
  2. Iberian Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos homeyeri)
  3. Asian Golden Eagle/Himalayan Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos daphanea)
  4. Japanese Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos japonica)
  5. North American Gold Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos canadensis)
  6. Siberian Golden Eagle/Kamchatkan Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos kamtschatica)

3. Harpy Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Harpia harpyja
  • Location: Central and South America
  • Habitat: Forest
  • Population Status: Near Threatened
  • Weight: 9.7-18.3 pounds (4.4-8.3 kilograms)
  • Length: 2.8-3.5 feet (86.5-107 centimeters)
  • Wingspan: 5.8-7.3 feet (176-224 centimeters)
harpy eagle
Harpy eagle

The Harpy Eagle is the third-largest eagle by weight, and the second-largest by length, in the world. It can be found soaring through the rainforests of Central and South America.

They got their name from the Harpies of Ancient Greek mythology. These creatures were described as having the body of a vulture and the face of a woman, and were tasked with delivering the dead to Hades.

Although those mythical harpies are not real, these birds are still pretty terrifying- especially from the point of view of a monkey or sloth.

4. Martial Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Polemaetus bellicosus
  • Location: Africa
  • Habitat: Forest, Savanna, Shrubland, Grassland, and Wetlands
  • Population Status: Endangered
  • Weight: 6.6-13.2 pounds (3-6 kilograms)
  • Length: 2.6-3.1 feet (78-96 centimeters)
  • Wingspan: 6.2-7.9 feet (188-240 centimeters)

The Martial Eagle is a booted eagle, meaning that it has feathers covering its upper legs. It lives in a wide area in Sub-Saharan Africa, but its numbers are on the decline.

Their eyes are nearly as large as human eyes, which allows them to see prey up to 3.7 miles (6 kilometers away). They are not picky eaters- mammals, reptiles, and other birds are all on the menu.

In fact, they feast on over 170 different prey. Sometimes this prey includes poisonous snakes, jackals, and wild cats.

For birds that are seemingly shy, they are scary when they are hungry.

5. Philippine Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Pithecophaga jefferyi
  • Location: Asia (the Philippines)
  • Habitat: Forest
  • Population Status: Critically Endangered
  • Weight: 8.9-17.6 pounds (4-8 kilograms)
  • Length: 2.8-3.4 feet (86-102 centimeters)
  • Wingspan: 6-7.2 feet (184-220 centimeters)
philippine eagle

The Philippine Eagle is the longest eagle in the world (from the top of its head to the tip of its tail feathers), and the second-heaviest. And even though it doesn’t have the longest wingspan, it does have the largest wing surface.

These majestic birds are now endangered due to deforestation. As a result, anyone caught killing a Philippine Eagle may face up to 12 years in prison.

6. Steller’s Sea Eagle

  • Scientifc Name: Haliaeetus pelagicus
  • Location: Asia
  • Habitat: Wetlands, Rocky Cliffs and Mountains, Coastal, and Marine Areas
  • Population Status: Vulnerable
  • Weight: 10.8-20.9 pounds (4.9-9.5 kilograms)
  • Length: 2.8-3.4 feet (85-105 centimeters)
  • Wingspan: 6.4-8.2 feet (195-250 centimeters)
Steller's Sea Eagle wingspan
Steller’s Sea Eagle with wings fully extended

The Steller’s Sea Eagle is the heaviest eagle in the world. They live in coastal areas in Northeastern Asia, mostly in Russia and Japan.

Because of their proximity to the sea, fish and water birds (like ducks, geese, and gulls) make up the majority of their diet. They love salmon and trout.

7. Wedge-Tailed Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Aquila audax
  • Location: Oceania (Austrailia)
  • Habitat: Forest, Savanna, Shrubland, and Grassland
  • Population Status: Least Concern
  • Weight: 4.4-12.8 pounds (2-5.8 kilograms)
  • Length: 2.7-3.5 feet (81-106 centimeters)
  • Wingspan: 6-7.6 feet (182-232 centimeters)

Affectionately known as “Wedgies” in Australia, these large birds of prey can soar for hours on end without a single wingbeat (taking advantage of thermal updrafts).

They are also smart, especially when it comes to hunting techniques. When hunting larger prey like kangaroos, they will team up and hunt together. They also know how to herd goats off of cliffs, and to isolate weaker animals in a flock.

Wedgies are the only bird that has a reputation for attacking paragliders, tearing apart the fabric with their sharp talons. In Latin Audax means bold, I can see why.

8. White-Tailed Sea-Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Haliaeetus albicilla
  • Location: Europe, and Asia
  • Habitat: Forest, Grassland, Wetlands, Marine, and Coastal Areas
  • Population Status: Least Concern
  • Weight: 6.8-15.2 pounds (3.1-6.9 kilograms)
  • Length: 2.2-3.1 feet (66-94 centimeters)
  • Wingspan: 5.8-8 feet (178-245 centimeters)

To picture how big the White-Tailed Sea Eagle is, you may want to pull out your measuring tape. Can you imagine an eagle with an 8 foot (245 centimeters) wingspan? That’s more than 2 feet longer than my height!

You may have noticed that some of the forest-dwelling eagles have slightly shorter wings, and the sea-dwelling eagles have longer wings.

This is because the sea eagles do not have to maneuver around trees while hunting. They do, however, like to perch on tree branches, using a sit-and-wait method to spot fish in shallow water.

The Largest Eagle Ever! (Now Extinct)

Some of the eagles on our list are vulnerable, threatened, or endangered.

Let’s hope that they do not get to the point of extinction, like the eagle below.

9. Haast’s Eagle

  • Scientific Name: Hieraaetus moorei
  • Location: Oceania (New Zealand)
  • Habitat: Forest and Scrubland
  • Populaion Status: Extinct
  • Average Weight: 22 pounds (10 kilograms)
  • Average Length: 4.3 feet (130 centimeters)
  • Average Wingspan: 8.5 feet (260 centimeters)

The huge Haast’s Eagle would have been a sight to behold. Its shorter wings allowed it to glide through its forested home in New Zealand, hunting prey with ease.

Haast’s eagle is likely the pouakai (poukai) of Maori legend that was said to kill and eat humans.

Its favorite food was likely Moa- a flightless bird nearly 15 times the weight of the Haast’s Eagle.

Unfortunately, this large eagle has been extinct since around the year 1400. It is said that the first humans to settle in New Zealand arrived in 1280. The humans hunted the Moa to extinction, leaving the Haast’s Eagle with nothing left to eat.

biggest eagle in the world

Love bird watching? Check out our guide: 9 Best Compact Binoculars for Hikers and Birders.

Your Turn

Which eagle is your favorite? Have you seen one of these large eagles in the wild? Please tell me about it in the comments below.


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